NEWS & APPEARANCES
Fighting For and Advising On Sandy
These are trying times and they are testing our character and spirits. We shall overcome this and come back stronger. As your lawyers, we are honored to be able to assist you during these trying times. From both on the ground with reinforcements to our legal advice and notices like the one below, ALB PC will be by your side during every step of the way as we all try to recover and rebuild.
We also have a direct line to Washington and the Mayor's office and will keep you updated on all governmental programs.
Because lenders mandate that homeowners in flood zones obtain flood insurance as a prerequisite to lending, most homeowners in flood zones will have flood insurance protection. There are three general types of flood insurance policies: the Dwelling Policy (includes condo unit owners), the General Property Policy and the Residential Condominium Building Association Policy. The specifics of flood insurance coverage can be reviewed at the FEMA website http://www.fema.gov/national-flood-insurance-program.
In addition to flood insurance, you may also have coverage under your general liability and umbrella polices for damage caused by wind and rain. All insurance policy coverage is contractual. That means that your specific policy may contain coverages, exclusions or deductibles that are not discussed here. You, your broker and your lawyer should review your coverages immediately so that a timely and correct report may be made to your carrier.
The most common homeowners policies issued in New York are the HO-1, HO-2, HO-3, HO-5 and HO-8. There are also HO-4 (Tenant Policies) and HO-6 (Unit Owner Policies). These policies do not cover flood damage.
The HO-1 and HO-2 policies are "named peril" policies in which coverage is afforded only to specific designated perils. A "peril" is a specific risk or cause of loss. The HO-1 policy is unusual in New York because of its narrow coverage; normally one of those named perils is windstorm coverage (but not flooding). The HO-8 policy is also unusual in New York – it provides for actual cash value coverage (explained below).
The HO-3, the most common homeowner policy in New York, is an "all risk" policy which insures against loss to the home or contents for all risks except those that are specifically excluded (flood is normally excluded). The HO-3 generally excludes coverage for, among other things, flooding, sewer backup, power failure and general weather conditions. The HO-5 includes the coverage of HO-3 with greater all-risk coverage for personal property, subject to specific exclusions.
All policies contain deductibles, amounts for which the insured will have to be responsible. Policies can be written such that the insurance payment will be based on "actual cash value" (ACV) of personal property or "replacement value." ACV can be very roughly defined as the initial value of the property, less depreciation. ACV payment can never exceed the initial value of the property or replacement cost. Replacement cost is the cost to replace the item with one of similar value without deduction for depreciation. Damage to your property may be subject to a "hurricane deductible" of 5%; news reports indicate that the Governors of New York and New Jersey have indicated that because Sandy did not make landfall as a hurricane, that deductible will not apply in their states.
The dwelling and other structures on the property are generally paid for at replacement cost, so long as at least 80% of the value of the property is insured; if not, the property owner will be required to directly bear a portion of the loss (the term for this is "coinsurance"). Property owners cannot insure in excess of 100% of their property (to reduce the risk of fraud).
Generally, damage to the property must be a direct result of the insured perils not merely a proximate one. Thus, wind damage to the structure will be compensable, if covered, but wind-driven water will not.
Tendering Notice/Claims to Insurance:
Time is of the essence. Every homeowners insurance policy, whether it be a general liability or umbrella policy for a building or community, or an individual unit owner policy, conditions the payment of claims on the receipt of timely notice of claim. What does this mean? If you do not provide your insurance company with notice of your claim as soon as reasonably practicable after the damage occurs, the insurance company may not pay out on your claim regardless of whether there would otherwise be coverage.
Therefore, boards and property owners should send claims to all of their current insurance carriers in writing mailed, return, receipt requested immediately. Boards should also urge residents within their communities to do the same. Claims should include a general description of the storm damage with a description of all of the particularized damages in an "including, but not limited to" statement. For example: "123 Main Street Condominium suffered extreme water and wind damage including, but not limited to (1) cracks in the façade, (2) falling windows, (3) water infiltration, (4) basement flooding…"
If you are unable to timely tender claims or if you would prefer ALB PC to do so for you, please contact us immediately and we will tender claims within 24 hours of receipt of your request. It is advisable to have ALB PC either review or tender the claims on your behalf because the specific wording used could greatly impact the likelihood of coverage.
HUD Disaster Resources:
NYS Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services (DHSES)
New York City Business Assistance Programs - http://www.nyc.gov/html/sbs/nycbiz/html/home/home.shtml
To the extent damage relates to a portion of your building or homes that is under warranty, boards or property owners should send a warranty claim referencing the specific warranty to the warrantor as soon as possible by writing mailed, return receipt requested.
If you are unable to make said warranty claims or if you would prefer ALB PC to do so for you, please contact us immediately and we will tender claims within 24 hours of receipt of your request.
Documenting your Damages:
1. Take video and still photography of all damage with a newspaper (the New York Post and the Daily News only) dated the day that the still and video photography is taken. Write down details of the pictured damage.
2. Maintain a log of damages. This can be as simple as a handwritten list, or can be in the form of an excel chart (if you have access to power/computer).
3. Keep receipts and documentation of all expenses incurred during the clean up process.
4. For boards of multifamily developments, please invite residents to provide you with their damage logs or if possible post their damage logs on the community google or yahoo group page.
ALB PC Outreach on the Ground
For those of you who need basic supplies, please let us know and we will gather what you need and bring them to you after work hours. We will be starting these drops this afternoon. Please contact us to let us know how we can help "on the ground."
We are working 24 hours, 7 days a week for you and will be with you every step of the way. Tough times require tough people and New Yorkers are the toughest in the world so we shall overcome this disaster and become stronger as a result.
To reach us you may call:
Adam Leitman Bailey for all real estate issues: 212-825-0365 ext 1952
Leni Morrison Cummins for all condo-coop issues: 212-825-0365 ext 1968
The Adam Leitman Bailey, P.C. Family